CV
 
 
 
 
Name and surname: Ahmet ALMACA
 
Education Stages:
Degree Bransh University Year
License Soil Science Çukurova 1985
Msc. Soil Science Çukurova 1988
PhD Soil Science Çukurova 1996
 
 
 
Titles:
Duty title University Year
Research asistant Harran University, Agricultural Faculty 1992-1996
Research asistant Dr. Harran University, Agricultural Faculty 1996-1998
Assist. Prof. Harran University, Agricultural Faculty 1998-2014
Assoc. Prof. Harran University, Agricultural Faculty 2014-
 
 
 
 
 
Name of the Course: Code Semester T+P Credit ACTS
Soil Biology And Microbiology  0626810 8 2 + 2 3 3
 
Requirements  
 
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course Obligatory
Coordinator of the course  
Lecturer Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Co lecturers  
Aim of the course Learn about soil organisms and importance of them in terms of soil and cultivation
Learning outputs of the lecture
 
At the end of the this course  students will
1. Learn about soil organisms
2. Learn about microbiological analyses in soil
3. Learn the relationships between microorganisms and plants
4. Learn about Activities of soil organisms and their significance in terms of soil productivity
Course content Classification of soil organisms and the conditions of their habitats, soil biological activity, classification of humic substances and their properties, importance of organic matter in soil, nutritional type of microorganisms, relational effects of microorganisms, biological equilibrium, microbiological counting methods in soils. Preparation of nutritional medium for microorganisms, inoculation, relationship between soil microorganisms and plant roots, mycorrhiza, relationship between soil microorganisms and soil fertility, carbon and nitrogen cycles.
 
Week Topics
1 Advances of soil biology, soil formation, the subject of soil biology, description and  classification of soil organisms
2 Soil flora, bacteria, actinomycetes, soil fungus, algea,  lichens
3 Soil faunas, Protozoa, Metazoans, living conditions of soil organisms, number of soil organisms and distributions
4 Activity of soil organisms, the role of edephone on the development of soils, the role of microorganisms and fauna on decomposition of soil organic matter
5 Humification, biological activity of soils, organic parent materials and its revolution
6 Classification of humic materials and their properties, the significance of organic matter for soil
7 Interim exam
8 Types of microorganismal feeding, the relationship of microorganisms with soil environment
9 The relationships of microorganisms among each other, biological balance, mutualism, antagonism, parasitism 
10 Methods of microbilogical counting methods in soil, preparation of the medium feed,  determination CO2 release, determination of enzyms
11 The relationships between microorganisms and plant roots, relationships between soil organisms-soil productivity
12 Mycorrhizae, relationships between soil organisms and soil productivity
13 Carbon balance, decompositions of certain compounds, decompositions of organic matter, decompositions of cellulose in soil, decomposition of hydrocarbons
14 Nitrogen cycle, mineralization, ammonification, nitrification, de-nitrification, immobilization and fixation
 
General sufficiency
Learn soil organisms and their relationships with soil productivity
Learning microbiological fertilizers for agricultural activities
Performing microbiological analyses and evolution
 
References
1. TOK, H.H., 1998. Soil Biology. T.U. Tekirdağ Agricultural Faculty No:185. Tekirdağ
2. KIZILOĞLU, F.T.,1995. Soil Microbiology and biochemistry. Atatürk U. Agricultural Faculty No. 180. Erzurum.
3. ÇENGEL, M.,1995. Soil Biology. E.U. Agricultural Faculty 5/6. İzmir.
 
 
Evaluation system
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
 
 
Name of the Course: Code Semester T+P Credit ACTS
Analytical Chemistry I 0626212 2 1 + 2 2 4
 
Requirements -
 
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course Obligatory
Coordinator of the course  
Lecturer Assoc. Prof.  Ahmet ALMACA
Co lecturers  
Aim of the course Help students gain laboratory experiment, inform them about basics of chemistry and teach how to prepare solutions and use them
Learning outputs of the lecture
 
At the end of the this course;
1. Students will gain skills for working in laboratory
2. Students will learn calculation methods in the preparation of solutions
3. Students will learn the properties of solutions, preparing and using them
Course content Description of glass and other equipments in the laboratory, converting measurement units, solutions, saturation degrees of solutions, solution concentrations,
 
Week Topics
1 General measurements units,  statement of area and volume units, and unit conversions
2 Subjects, solutions and elemental combinations, elements, molecular weight, Avogadro number, law of fixed proportions, The law of conservation of mass, finding simple formulas, assigning molecular formula
3 Introducing common laboratory equipments and laboratory rules
4 Ionization of energy, Electron affinity, energy of bond, Ionic bonds, covalent bonds, Electro-covalent bonds, coordinate-covalent bonds, hydrogen bonds, metalical bonds
5 Colloidal solutions, Suspensions, degree of saturation of solution , saturated solutions, unsaturated solutions
6 Concentration of solutions, concentration %
7 Interim exam
8 Molar concentration
9 Molar concentration, value of charges of Acids, bases and salts, problem solving
10 Normality
11 ppm concentration
12 ppm , Molality, problem solving
13 Qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis, , volumetric analysis, Photometric analysis, colorimetric analysis
14 Spectrofotometric analysis, flame photometric analysis , turbidimetric analysis, sources of error in quantitative analysis, Determination  as  percentage of analysis's errors
 
General sufficiency
Gaining laboratory working experience
Preparing solutions with required concentrations
Learning the properties of solutions and information about reaction outputs to be produced as results of these reactions
 
References
ALMACA, A., 2003. Textbook of Analytical Chemistry. HR.Ü. Agricultural Faculty, Department of Soil Science. Şanlıurfa
 
Evaluation system
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
 
 
Name of the Course: Code Semester T+P Credit ACTS
Analytical Chemistry II 0626311 3 3 + 0 3 5
 
Requirements -
 
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course Obligatory
Coordinator of the course  
Lecturer Assoc. Prof.  Ahmet ALMACA
Co lecturers  
Aim of the course Help students gain laboratory experiment, teach how to prepare solutions and use them
Learning outputs of the lecture
 
At the end of the this course;
1. Students will gain skills for working in laboratory
2. Students will learn calculation methods in the preparation of solutions
3. Students will learn the properties of solutions, preparing and using them
Course content Converting measurement units, solutions, saturation degrees of solutions, solution concentrations, finding the reactions values of acids, bases and other salts, chemical reactions and equivalent, acids, bases, ionization, determination of pH values, hydrolysis, tampon solutions, solubility balance
 
Week Topics
1 General measurements units,  statement of area and volume units, and unit conversions
2 Concentration %,  Molar concentration, Normality, ppm , Molality
3 Chemical reactions, reaction rate, the effects of catalysts on reaction speed the effect of temperature on reaction speed the effect of concentration on reaction speed
4 Chemical equilibrium
5 Description of acids and bases, acids, bases and determination values of charge of salts, acids and bases according to lowry-bronsted theory
6 Ionization of water, ionization of acids and bases, pH and pOH values
7 Interim exam
8 Calculations of pH of diluted acid solutions, calculations of pH of strong acid solutions, the calculation of pHs diluted solutions of weak acids
9 Description of hydrolysis, the hydrolysis of diluted salt solutions and calculations of pHs hydrolysis of salts whose acids are weak acid and bases are strong And calculation of pHs
10 Hydrolysis of salts whose bases are weak and acids are strong and calculations of pHs, calculations of pHs of salts whose acids and bases are strong
11 Titrations of acids and bases, determinations of amounts of acids and bases used in titrations
12 Properties of buffer solutions, calculation of pHs of buffer solutions 
13 Determination of buffering capacity, determination of pKa coefficient, determination of pKb coefficients
14 Describing solubility balance, solubility and solubility multiplication, precipitation and solubility multiplication
 
General sufficiency
Gaining laboratory working experience
Preparing solutions with required concentrations
Learning the properties of solutions and information about reaction outputs to be produced as results of these reactions
 
References
ALMACA, A., 2003. Textbook of Analytical Chemistry. HR.Ü. Agricultural Faculty, Department of Soil Science. Şanlıurfa
 
Evaluation system
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
 
Name of the Course: Code Semester T+P Credit ACTS
Soil Science 0625210 2 3+0 3 4
 
Requirements -
 
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course Obligatory
Coordinator of the course  
Lecturer Assoc. Prof.  Ahmet ALMACA
Co lecturers  
Aim of the course The aim of this course; The main source of vegetable farming and physically with the formation of the earth, the environment and to promote chemical and biological properties.
Learning outputs of the lecture
 
At the end of this course, students learn the formation of the earth and will be familiar with the basic features
Course content Definition of soil physical, chemical and biological properties, plant nutrients
 
Week Topics
1 Introduction to course
2 Soil formation
3 Soil morphology
4 Soil and soil forming factors that transactions
5 Physical properties of soil
6 Soil water
7 Colloids and soil chemical properties
8 Plant nutritions (I)
9 Exam
10 Plant nutritions (II)
11 Soil biology and chemistry
12 Soil conservation
13 Soil erosion
14 Power Point Presentations
General sufficiency
Knowing the formation of soil. Physical, chemical and biological aspects of being recognized.
Main sources
1-)Soil Science (Prof. Dr. Faruk İnce) HRÜ. Agric. Fac. Of Harran Uni. Number: 3 Şanlıurfa/TURKEY
2-) Soil Fertility and Fertilizers (7th ed.) (J.L. Havlin, J.D. Beaton, S.M. Tisdale ve W.L. Nelson 2005)
3-) The Nature and Properties of Soils (Brady and Weil, 2008)
4-) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants (Horst Marschner, 1997)
5-) Selected articles
 
Evaluation system
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Laboratory technique 5115119 Fall 3+0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Students will be ability to work at the laboratory and carry out chemical analysis
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course;
1. Students gaining work in experience at the laboratory
2. Students able to prepare laboratory solutions
3. Students able to carry out chemical analysis
Contents of the course Units of measure conversion, laboratory safety and first aid, use of laboratory apparatus and equipment, storage of chemical substances, indicators, and the standard substances, titration, buffer solutions
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Explanation of measurement units used in the laboratory
2. Teaching laboratory safety and first aid
3. Explaining the usage objectives of laboratory devices
4. Issues needed for paying attention during usage of laboratory apparatus and equipment
5. Sources of error in chemical analysis
6. Storage of chemical substances
7. Interim exam
8. Consideration prior to taking soil samples and preparation before analysis
9. Considerations during Microbiological analysis
10. Indicators and the standard substances
11. Solution concentrations and solution preparation
12. Using of titration in the laboratory analysis
13. Preparation of buffer solutions
14. Written assignment and oral presentations
General sufficiency
Having ability to work at laboratory
Able to preparation of solutions at desired concentrations
Learning about the properties of solutions and having knowledge about end products of their reactions
 
References
Altan, A., 1989. Laboratuar Tekniği. Ç.Ü.Z.F. Ders kitabı No. 36 ADANA
ALMACA, A., 2003. Analitik Kimya Ders Notları. HR.Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Toprak Bölümü. Şanlıurfa
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Determination of microbiological counting methods and biological activity in soil 5115147 Fall 3+0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course To teach microbiological analyses methods of soil and improve skills and knowledge about biological activity via these methods
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course;
1. Students able to take the soil samples for microbiological purposes
2. Students able to count number of microorganisms
3. Students able to inoculate solid and liquid nutrient mediums
4. Students able to do enzyme analysis for determination of biological activity
Contents of the course Taking and storage of soil samples for microbiological counting, microbiological analysis methods, dilution, counting methods, inoculation, solid and liquid nutrient media preparation, determination of biological activity, CO2, endo-and ecto-enzyme determinations
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Introduction to microbiological count methods and determination of biological activity in soil
2. Taking the soil samples for microbiological counting and teaching the theoretical and applied skills for preparation of samples (1)
3. Taking the soil samples for microbiological counting and teaching the theoretical and applied skills for preparation of samples (2)
4. Teaching the microbiological analysis methods (1)
5. Teaching the microbiological analysis methods (2)
6. Teaching the preparation methods of solid and liquid nutrient mediums (1)
7. Interim exam
8. Teaching the preparation methods of solid and liquid nutrient mediums (2)
9. Teaching microorganism inoculation methods to solid nutrient medium
10. Teaching microorganism inoculation methods to solid nutrient medium (2)
11. Definition of biological activity. Teaching CO2, endo-and ecto-enzyme analysis for determination of biological activity (1)
12. Definition of biological activity. Teaching CO2, endo-and ecto-enzyme analysis for determination of biological activity (2)
13. Written assignments
14.  Oral presentation and General evaluation of the course
General sufficiency
Able to take soil samples for microbiological purposes
Able to count microorganisms
Able to having inoculation skills at solid and liquid nutrient mediums
Able to do enzyme analysis for determination of biological activity
 
References
Gürgün, V., Halkman, A.K. 1990. Mikrobiyolojide sayım yöntemleri. Gıda Tekn. Derneği Yay. 7.
Counting methods in microbiology. Food Tech. Association Spring. 7.
 
Tok, H.H.,1998. Toprak biyolojisi.Trakya Ü. Z.F.Yay. 185.
Page, A.L., R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney, 1982. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties
Dersin konularıyla ilgili yayınlanmış güncel ve  seçilmiş makaleler
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Microbiological dynamics of soil 5115164 Fall 3 + 0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Teaching students soil microorganisms and their importance in terms of agriculture and soil
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course; students will learn
1. about soil microorganisms
2. the relationships between microorganisms and plants
3. the activities of soil microorganisms and the importance of their in soil fertility
Contents of the course The classification of soil microorganisms and their living conditions, feeding types of microorganisms, relations between microorganisms each other, the biological activity of soil,  biological balance, microbiological counting methods in soil, the preparation of nutrient mediums, inoculation of microorganisms, the relationships between microorganisms and plant roots, the relationships between soil organisms and soil fertility, the importance of microorganisms in nutrient cycles
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. The scope of soil microbiology and the importance in terms of soil
2. The properties of soil which is a place for  living microorganisms
3. The classification of soil microorganisms
4. The feeding types of microorganisms
5. Bacteria, actinomycetes
6. Fungi, algae, lichens
7. Interim exam
8. Relation between microorganisms each other
9. The role of microorganisms on soil biological activity
10. Dependencies of microorganisms on environmental factors in soil  and biological balance
11. Microbiological counting methods in soil
12. Preparation of nutrient mediums for microorganisms and inoculation
13. Relationships between microorganisms and plant roots
14. General evaluation of the course
General sufficiency
Identify soil microorganisms and their relationship with soil fertility
Being able to use microbiological fertilizer within agricultural activity
Performing and assessment microbiological analyses
 
References
Tok, H.H., 1998. Toprak Biyolojisi. T.Ü. Tekirdağ Zir. Fak. Yay no:185. Tekirdağ
Kızıloğlu, F.T.,1995. Toprak Mikrobiyolojisi ve Biyokimyası. Atatürk Ü. Zir. Fak. Yay. 180. Erzurum.
Çengel, M.,1995. Toprak Biyolojisi. E.Ü. Zir.Fak.Ders Notları5/6.İzmir.
Haktanır, K., Arcak, S. Toprak biyolojisi. http://www.roa-turkiye.com/docs/lit.Ek8.pdf (2011)
Gök, M. Toprak mikrobiyolojisi ve biyokimyası ders notları. ÇÜZF Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü. Adana (Basılmamış)
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
The role of microorganisms in nutrient cycle 5115165 Fall 3+0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Teaching students the microorganisms in the cycle of plant nutrients and their importance in terms of  agriculture and soil
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course the students will learn;
1. about the microorganisms in the nutrient cycle
2. that nutrients can be taken by plants as a result of microbial activities
Contents of the course Microorganisms in plant nutrient cycle, the usefulness of plant nutrients, the nitrogen cycle, carbon cycle, sulfur cycle, phosphorus cycle and  cycles of elements iron, etc., nitrogen fixing microorganisms, host legumes, the usefulness of mycorrhiza and nutrients, the relationship between nutrient cycles and soil fertility.
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Relationships of microorganism in nutrient cycle
2. The usefulness of plant nutrients
3. The nitrogen cycle,
4. Classification of bacteria used in nitrogen fixation
5. Bacterial infection and nodule formation in the roots of leguminous
6. Carbon cycle
7. Interim exam
8. Sulfur cycle
9. Phosphorus cycle
10. Other nutrient cycles
11. The usefulness of mycorrhiza and nutrients
12. Factors affecting nutrient cycles
13. The relationship between nutrient cycles and soil fertility
14. General evaluation of the Course
General sufficiency
Enable to identify soil microorganisms and their relationship with soil fertility
Enable to understand  the necessity of microorganisms in the  cycle of nutrients 
enable to use microbiological fertilizer in agricultural activity
 
References
Cebel, N. http://www.belgeler.com/blg/2bb8/organik-tarimda-yararli-mikroorganizma-kullanimi (2011).
Çengel, M.,1995. Toprak Biyolojisi. E.Ü. Zir.Fak.Ders Notları5/6.İzmir.
Gök, M. Toprak mikrobiyolojisi ve biyokimyası ders notları. ÇÜZF Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü. Adana (Basılmamış)
Haktanır, K., Arcak, S. Toprak biyolojisi. http://www.roa-turkiye.com/docs/lit.Ek8.pdf (2011)
Kızıloğlu, F.T.,1995. Toprak Mikrobiyolojisi ve Biyokimyası. Atatürk Ü. Zir. Fak. Yay. 180. Erzurum
Tok, H.H., 1998. Toprak Biyolojisi. T.Ü. Tekirdağ Zir. Fak. Yay no:185. Tekirdağ
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Water quality 5115247 Spring 3+0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Learning quality of irrigation water and its usage
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course;
1. Students learning having knowledge about properties of water
2. Students able to classify irrigation water according to the results of analysis
Contents of the course Physical and chemical properties of water, anions and cations in water, ESP and SAR values, electrical conductivity, the classification of irrigation water, determination of irrigation water for irrigation
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Having knowledge about physical and chemical properties of water
2. Explanation of parameters used in the classification of water
3. Teaching the cations in irrigation water
4. Teaching the anions in irrigation water
5. Teaching the analysis of irrigation water
6. Explanation of sodium content and related ESP and SAR values for classification of water quality
7. Interim exam
8. Teaching the electrical conductivity as one of the parameters used in the classification of water
9. Classification of irrigation water and teaching systems used in classification
10. Explanation of some of the toxic ions in the irrigation waters
11. Teaching of the pollution of irrigation waters
12. Problems of irrigation systems and explanation relationship between problems and irrigation water
13. Irrigation water supplies
14. Explanation the quality criteria of drinking water
General sufficiency
Learning classification criteria of irrigation water and able to determine usable irrigation water
 
References
Munsuz, N., İ. Ünver. 1995. Su Kalitesi. (The Water Quality) Ankara Ü.Z.F. Yayın No: 1389, Ders Kitabı No: 403 ANKARA
Kanber, R., C. Kırda. 1992. Sulama suyu niteliği ve sulamada tuzluluk sorunları. (Irrigation water quality and salinity problems in irrigation) Ç.Ü.Z.F. Genel Yay.No. 21. ADANA
Evangelou, V.P.,1998. Environmental soil and water chemistry principles and applications. Wiley-Interscience publication
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Use of Mycorrhiza in Agriculture 5115248 Spring 3 + 0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Improving awareness of students about mycorrhiza subject and usage of mycorrhiza in agriculture
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course;
1. Students can be isolate mycorrhiza
2. Students can be inoculate isolated mycorrhizae to plants
Contents of the course Definition of mycorrhiza, the isolation and duplication, the impact of crop production, types of mycorrhiza, the factors that influence the formation, on the effects of nutrients uptake, determination of effects over the quality of plant products
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Definition of mycorrhiza
2. Teaching isolation of mycorrhiza and methods of mycorrhiza production (1)
3. Teaching isolation of mycorrhiza and methods of mycorrhiza production (2)
4. Teaching the types of mycorrhiza  (1)
5. Teaching the types of mycorrhiza  (2)
6. Examination of the mechanism mycorrhiza-plant system (1)
7. Interim exam
8. Examination of the mechanism mycorrhiza-plant system (2)
9. The effects of mycorrhiza on the uptake of plant nutrients and teaching the effects of mycorrhiza on the quality of plant products (1)
10. The effects of mycorrhiza on the uptake of plant nutrients and teaching the effects of mycorrhiza on the quality of plant products (2)
11. The effects of mycorrhiza on the uptake of plant nutrients and teaching the effects of mycorrhiza on the quality of plant products (3)
12. Written assignment
13. Oral presentation
14. Evaluation of the Course
General sufficiency
Can be able to mycorrhiza, isolate the mycorrhiza and inoculate the mycorrhiza
 
References
Robson, A.D., L.K. Abbott, N.Malajczuk, 1994. Management of mycorrhizas in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. Plant and soil V.159
Ortaş, İ.,1998.Toprak ve bitkide mikoriza Ç.Ü.Z.F.Adana
Allen, M.F., 1993. The ecology of mycorrhizae. Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge.
Sieverding, E., 1991. Vescular-arbuscular mycorrhiza management in tropical agrosystems. Technical cooperation-Federal Republic of Germany. Escborn.
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Microbial isolation and inoculation methods 5115257 Spring 3+0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Teaching students The isolation of soil microorganisms and reproducing of isolated microorganisms and their inoculation to another plant.
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course;
1. be able to isolate soil microorganisms
2. be able to reproduce microorganisms in nutrient medium
3. be able to inoculate reproduced microorganisms to plant
Contents of the course Classification of soil microorganisms and living conditions, Isolation of bacteria and mycorrhizae, Preparation of growth media, Reproduction of isolated microorganisms, Sterilization, to obtain pure cultures, dilution and staining methods, growth media and inoculation to plant techniques
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Giving general information about soil microorganisms
2. Giving information about the devices and consumables used in  Microbiological studies
3. Provide general information about the isolation of soil microorganisms
4. Isolation of soil microorganisms (bacteria)
5. Isolation of soil microorganisms (mycorrhizae)
6. Growth media properties and methods of preparation
7. Interim exam
8. Reproduction of isolated microorganism
9. Sterilization
10. To obtain pure cultures
11. Dilution
12. Staining methods
13. Inoculation techniques
14. Evaluation of the Course
General sufficiency
Be able to isolate soil microorganisms
Be able to prepare growth medium  and reproduce microorganisms
Be able to inoculateto growth medium and host plant
 
References
Tok, H.H., 1998. Toprak Biyolojisi. T.Ü. Tekirdağ Zir. Fak. Yay no:185. Tekirdağ
Kızıloğlu, F.T.,1995. Toprak Mikrobiyolojisi ve Biyokimyası. Atatürk Ü. Zir. Fak. Yay. 180. Erzurum.
Page, A.L., R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney, 1982. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties
Gök, M. Toprak mikrobiyolojisi ve biyokimyası ders notları. ÇÜZF Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü. Adana (Basılmamış)
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)
 
             
 
 
 
HARRAN UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT of SOIL SCIENCE and PLANT NUTRITION
 
 
Name of the course Code Term T+P Credit ECTS
Symbiotic livings in soil 5115258 Spring 3+0 3 6
Course Prerequisite -
Language of the course Turkish
Type of the course
(Obligatory/Elective)
Obligatory
Name of the instructor who taught the course last semester Assoc. Prof. Ahmet ALMACA
Aim and goals of the course Teaching students that soil microorganisms establish symbiotic lives among themselves and with some plants and its importance in terms of agriculture
Learning outputs of the lecture At the end of the this course;
1. Will learn about the symbiotic lives of soil microorganisms
2. Learn the relationships between microorganisms and plants
3. Learn contributions of symbiotic live systems to agriculture
Contents of the course Analysis of soil where soil microorganisms live in, Classification of soil microorganisms and living conditions, feeding patterns of microorganisms, The relationships between microorganisms, Analysis of bacteria-legume symbiotic system, lichens, mycorrhizae-plant symbiotic system, Evaluation symbiotic live systems in terms of soil and plant
Weeks Semester Teaching Plan
1. Place of Soil microorganisms to live
2. Feeding patterns of soil microorganisms
3. The relations between microorganisms living in the soil
4. General information about the lives of symbiotic microorganisms
5. Nitrogen fixation mechanism
6. Nodule formation
7. Interim exam
8. The importance of fixation of hemoglobin
9. Ecological importance of nitrogen fixation
10. Factors affecting N2 -fixation
11. Lichens and the importance of soil formation
12. Mycorrhizal symbiosis and ecological importance
13. Classification of endo and ecto mycorrhizae
14. Mycorrhizae effects of nutrient uptake
General sufficiency
To know that soil microorganisms establish in symbiotic lives among themselves and  with some plants
To known that Symbiotic systems is useful for soil and plant and to ensure the use of that in agricultural activities
 
References
Tok, H.H., 1998. Toprak Biyolojisi. T.Ü. Tekirdağ Zir. Fak. Yay no:185. Tekirdağ
Kızıloğlu, F.T.,1995. Toprak Mikrobiyolojisi ve Biyokimyası. Atatürk Ü. Zir. Fak. Yay. 180. Erzurum.
Gök, M. Toprak mikrobiyolojisi ve biyokimyası ders notları. ÇÜZF Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü. Adana (Basılmamış)
Robson, A.D., L.K. Abbott, N.Malajczuk, 1994. Management of mycorrhizas in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. Plant and soil V.159
Ortaş, İ.,1998.Toprak ve bitkide mikoriza Ç.Ü.Z.F.Adana
Allen, M.F., 1993. The ecology of mycorrhizae. Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge.
Selected current published articles of course subjects
Evaluation
One written midterm exam (%40), one written final exam (%60)